Welcome to the Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index, where Earth.Org examines the policies and actions regarding the environment of every nation on earth. Combining the most respected global indexes on pollution, climate change, policy, energy, oceans, biodiversity we have produced an overall Global Index, which will be updated annually. This is the Global Sustainability Index scorecard for Bangladesh.

With two-thirds of the country less than 20 feet above sea level and with rapidly growing urban centres, Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to the impacts of the climate crisis. However, it has made little to no progress in mitigating the crisis- the share of fossil fuels in electricity production in the country is very high; in 2015, it was at nearly 99%. Existing power plants are mostly oil and gas fired; oil needs to be imported and local gas resources are not sufficient to cover increasing demand, so the country is seeking alternatives to reduce its dependence on oil and gas. Meanwhile, the share of electricity produced from renewable sources was at 0.3% in 2015, increasing from 0% in 2010. Increases in capacity for renewable energy technologies have mainly focused on solar energy. To cover the demand for energy, Bangladesh imports a substantial amount of its power from India.

The country is planning to expand its coal power plants, which is completely inconsistent with the Paris Agreement, to which Bangladesh is a party, and it prevents the country from investing in and reaping the benefits of cheap and clean renewable energy.

Should global mean temperatures increase by 3°C above pre-industrial levels by the end of the century, temperatures in parts of the country could reach almost 45°C. 


Global Sustainability index bangladesh


* Our Climate Change Ranking considers this country’s efforts toward climate change insufficient and thus has not ranked it.

** Our Energy ranking considers emission intensity (units of energy per unit of GDP). When one or both are low enough to make their influence negligible on a global scale, the country is left out of the ranking.

You might also like: Global Emissions (2016)

Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index Ranking image description: Bangladesh Rankings – Policy: 127, Pollution: 179, Climate Change: N/A, Oceans: 128, Biodiversity: 89, Energy: N/A, Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index Ranking 211.