Welcome to the Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index, where Earth.Org examines the policies and actions regarding the environment of every nation on earth. Combining the most respected global indexes on pollution, climate change, policy, energy, oceans, biodiversity we have produced an overall Global Index, which will be updated annually. This is the Global Sustainability Index scorecard for Indonesia.
Indonesia pledges to achieve a 41% reduction from business-as-usual in 2030. This sounds ambitious, but it is roughly equivalent to doubling today’s emissions levels; Indonesia aims to reduce its emissions in the forestry sector, which means that other sectors will see substantially lower reductions in emissions.
While Indonesia has implemented some policies to bolster its renewable energy capacity, fossil fuels remain a serious and growing issue. It plans to install over 6 GW of coal-fired power generation by 2020 and about 27 GW by 2028, when it should be shifting this investment towards renewable, zero-carbon solutions.
- Indonesia’s emissions stem mainly from forestry and coal, and are increasing in all other sectors. Plans to build new coal-based power stations are a reason for concern.
- The government is targeting 23% renewable energy as part of its total supply by 2025. However, there are no policies in place to enforce this, despite the country’s high vulnerability to climate change-related sea level rise and flooding.
- One of the main strategies to combat air pollution is to increase electric vehicle share of the nationwide fleet. The lack of decarbonisation of the electricity sector remains a problem.
You might also like: Global Emissions (2016)
Biodiversity, Policy: Sachs, J., Schmidt-Traub, G., Kroll, C., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G. (2019): Sustainable Development Report 2019. New York: Bertelsmann Stiftung and Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN).
Oceans: Halpern, Benjamin S., et al. “An index to assess the health and benefits of the global ocean.” Nature 488.7413 (2012): 615-620.
Pollution: Wendling, Z. A., Emerson, J. W., Esty, D. C., Levy, M. A., de Sherbinin, A., et al. (2018). 2018 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven, CT: Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy. https://epi.yale.edu/
Climate Change: Climate Change Performance Index; Jan Burck, Ursula Hagen, Niklas Höhne, Leonardo Nascimento, Christoph Bals, ISBN 978-3-943704-75-4, 2019
Energy: Enerdata –World Energy Statistics – Yearbook.