Welcome to the Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index, where Earth.Org examines the policies and actions regarding the environment of every nation on earth. Combining the most respected global indexes on pollution, climate change, policy, energy, oceans, biodiversity we have produced an overall Global Index, which will be updated annually. This is the Global Sustainability Index scorecard for Monaco.
Monaco is an enclave in the south of France, located 10 kilometres from the Italian border. Principally relying on services, construction, tourism and banking, it is entirely urbanised with a highly developed coastal zone. Weather data for the area shows a 1.5°C increase in temperature over 45 years, along with an increased presence of disease-carrying mosquitoes.
Aware of its vulnerability, the Principality joined the Paris Agreement in 2015, agreeing to reduce its emissions by 50% by 2030, relative to 1990 levels. The further goal for 2050 is a more ambitious 80% reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
The action plan consists in decarbonizing the most polluting sectors, which include road transport, waste-to-energy and heating, and air conditioning. Together, these account for 30% of Monaco’s emissions. If emissions linked to fluorinated gases, which Monaco has agreed to cut in accordance with the Kyoto Protocol, then 98% of its emissions are covered.
- Monaco has committed to a 50% reduction in emissions by 2030, and 80% by 2050, relative to 1990 levels
- This will be done by decarbonizing road transport, waste-to-energy, heating and air conditioning
- Despite being a minor contributor to overall GHG emissions, Monaco’s pledges are in line with the IPCC’s 2°C goal.
* Monaco’s impact on global climate change is too insignificant to rank it in certain categories.
Biodiversity, Policy: Sachs, J., Schmidt-Traub, G., Kroll, C., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G. (2019): Sustainable Development Report 2019. New York: Bertelsmann Stiftung and Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN).
Oceans: Halpern, Benjamin S., et al. “An index to assess the health and benefits of the global ocean.” Nature 488.7413 (2012): 615-620.
Pollution: Wendling, Z. A., Emerson, J. W., Esty, D. C., Levy, M. A., de Sherbinin, A., et al. (2018). 2018 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven, CT: Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy. https://epi.yale.edu/
Climate Change: Climate Change Performance Index; Jan Burck, Ursula Hagen, Niklas Höhne, Leonardo Nascimento, Christoph Bals, ISBN 978-3-943704-75-4, 2019
Energy: Enerdata –World Energy Statistics – Yearbook.