Welcome to the Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index, where Earth.Org examines the policies and actions regarding the environment of every nation on earth. Combining the most respected global indexes on pollution, climate change, policy, energy, oceans, biodiversity we have produced an overall Global Index, which will be updated annually. This is the Global Sustainability Index Scorecard for Morocco.
Although the north African nation is still developing, Morocco has pursued a sustainable development model rooted in renewable energy. Morocco aims to source 52% of the country’s energy needs from renewables by 2030, and may reach 100% renewable energy by 2050.
Morocco is 78% of Morocco is desert and for a long time felt the effects of climate change, placing them ahead of most other nations when it comes to adapting to a changing climate. Morocco is high on the World Bank list of water stressed countries, but the government has made strides to increase water efficiency to make best use of the limited resource. Morroccan farmers have transitioned to a high efficiency drip irrigation systems which has lessened water use and waste, as well increasing agricultural production
- Morocco banned plastic bags in 2016
- Morocco is a leader in solar power, home to the world’s biggest solar power farm, Noor Quarzazate.
- 600 mosques are being converted into energy efficient green buildings
- In December 2020, Morocco joined the COP26 Energy Transition Council which aims to speed up the global transition to clean energy sources.
** Our Energy ranking considers emission intensity (units of energy per unit of GDP). When one or both are low enough to make their influence negligible on a global scale, the country is left out of the ranking.
*** Afghanistan has no coast or naval activity.
Biodiversity, Policy: Sachs, J., Schmidt-Traub, G., Kroll, C., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G. (2019): Sustainable Development Report 2019. New York: Bertelsmann Stiftung and Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN).
Oceans: Halpern, Benjamin S., et al. “An index to assess the health and benefits of the global ocean.” Nature 488.7413 (2012): 615-620.
Pollution: Wendling, Z. A., Emerson, J. W., Esty, D. C., Levy, M. A., de Sherbinin, A., et al. (2018). 2018 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven, CT: Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy. https://epi.yale.edu/
Climate Change: Climate Change Performance Index; Jan Burck, Ursula Hagen, Niklas Höhne, Leonardo Nascimento, Christoph Bals, ISBN 978-3-943704-75-4, 2019
Energy: Enerdata –World Energy Statistics – Yearbook.