Welcome to the Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index, where Earth.Org examines the policies and actions regarding the environment of every nation on earth. Combining the most respected global indexes on pollution, climate change, policy, energy, oceans, biodiversity we have produced an overall Global Index, which will be updated annually. This is the Global Sustainability Index scorecard for San Marino.
The Republic of San Marino, located in an enclave in central Italy, is one of the smallest and least populous countries in the world, with an area of 61.19 km2 and around 34,000 inhabitants. Despite its very small influence on the global stage, San Marino’s government joined the climate mitigation efforts of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), committing itself to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 20% below 2005 levels by 2030.
Based on small and medium enterprises, it has well-developed financial and tourism sectors, and relatively high per-capita emissions. Entirely dependent on external imports for fuel and energy production, its strategy to cut emissions is to improve energy efficiency in buildings while developing infrastructure for solar power generation.
- One of the smallest countries in the world, San Marino depends entirely on imports for fossil fuels and energy.
- Still, it is committed to a reduce greenhouse gas emissions 20% below 2005 levels by 2030.
- To achieve this, it plans to improve energy efficiency while installing solar power generation infrastructure.
* Our Climate Change Ranking considers this country’s efforts/impact toward climate change insufficient and thus has not ranked it.
** Our Energy ranking considers emission intensity (units of energy per unit of GDP). When one or both are low enough to make their influence negligible on a global scale, the country is left out of the ranking.
*** Afghanistan has no coast or naval activity.
Biodiversity, Policy: Sachs, J., Schmidt-Traub, G., Kroll, C., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G. (2019): Sustainable Development Report 2019. New York: Bertelsmann Stiftung and Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN).
Oceans: Halpern, Benjamin S., et al. “An index to assess the health and benefits of the global ocean.” Nature 488.7413 (2012): 615-620.
Pollution: Wendling, Z. A., Emerson, J. W., Esty, D. C., Levy, M. A., de Sherbinin, A., et al. (2018). 2018 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven, CT: Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy. https://epi.yale.edu/
Climate Change: Climate Change Performance Index; Jan Burck, Ursula Hagen, Niklas Höhne, Leonardo Nascimento, Christoph Bals, ISBN 978-3-943704-75-4, 2019
Energy: Enerdata –World Energy Statistics – Yearbook.