Welcome to the Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index, where Earth.Org examines the policies and actions regarding the environment of every nation on earth. Combining the most respected global indexes on pollution, climate change, policy, energy, oceans, biodiversity we have produced an overall Global Index, which will be updated annually. This is the Global Sustainability Index scorecard for Turkey.

Turkey’s expanding demands for energy are mostly being met by fossil fuels, particularly coal, and therefore its emissions are set to rise significantly. While the country has promised to constrain its emissions growth, it has long been criticised for its lack of climate action. This is a barrier to EU entry (as the country has long been trying to become a member) as it must align its policies with the bloc to satisfy membership conditions.

Under business-as-usual scenarios, Turkey’s emissions are set to nearly triple in the coming decades. It is the only party of the Paris Agreement that has yet to ratify the deal, as it has made ratification conditional on access to international finance, despite the fact that it is the single largest recipient of EU climate finance, receiving €667m per year on average between 2013 and 2016. When the US officially pulled out of the Paris Agreement in 2019, Turkey said that it would now be less inclined to ratify the deal, since the US’s departure jeopardises compensation promised to developing countries, further illustrating the country’s lack of concern for mitigating the climate crisis. 


Global Sustainability index turkey

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Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index Ranking image description: Turkey Rankings – Policy: 64, Pollution: 108, Climate Change: 48, Oceans: 194, Biodiversity: 17, Energy: 4, Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index Ranking 96.