Welcome to the Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index, where Earth.Org examines the policies and actions regarding the environment of every nation on earth. Combining the most respected global indexes on pollution, climate change, policy, energy, oceans, biodiversity we have produced an overall Global Index, which will be updated annually. This is the Global Sustainability Index for Turkmenistan.

Classified as an upper middle income country, its success has relied on exporting its rich hydrocarbon reserves. The rapid economic growth the country has experienced since 1994 has come with a steady growth in emissions. However, as a desertic, water-strained country, it is highly vulnerable to climate change. It thus approved the National Climate Change Strategy in June 2012 outlining policies for developing climate resilience and a low emission economy. 

In 2015, the government announced its intention to contribute to the global climate change mitigation efforts under the Paris Agreement. The key feature of its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) is a reduction in projected 2030 per-capita emissions from 22.3 to 20.8 tCO2/eq. The ~18MtCO2/eq total reduction by the assigned date places Turkmenistan’s national emissions at #66 out of 195 countries. 

turkmenistan global sustainability scorecard

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Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index Ranking image description: Turkmenistan Rankings – Policy: 128, Pollution: 168, Climate Change: N/A, Oceans: N/A, Biodiversity: 16, Energy: N/A, Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index Ranking 190.