Welcome to the Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index, where Earth.Org examines the policies and actions regarding the environment of every nation on earth. Combining the most respected global indexes on pollution, climate change, policy, energy, oceans, biodiversity we have produced an overall Global Index, which will be updated annually. This is the Global Sustainability Index scorecard for Uzbekistan.
Uzbekistan is significantly threatened by the climate crisis, with serious risks already being seen. Temperature increase is expected to continue and further accelerate, while aridity is expected to increase across the whole country, particularly in the western parts. Additionally, water scarcity in Uzbekistan may worsen due to a reduction in existing water resources, inefficient water usage, ageing infrastructure, poor policies and institutional frameworks and limited enforcement of laws.
There are several national environmental policies and programs related to climate change adaptation and mitigation in agriculture, energy, health, ecosystems, etc. However, the country does not currently have a focused climate change document that provides frameworks for climate change adaptation and mitigation. There is also a lack of coordination between government ministries and institutional capacity and resources are limited.
- Uzbekistan’s goal is to reduce energy intensity (relative to GDP) by 10% by 2030. They intend to do this through an introduction of “advanced energy saving technologies”.
- These will target electricity generation, thermal energy, housing and utilities sectors.
- Uzbekistan’s GDP growth from 1990 to 2010 was +191%, while emissions only increased by 10.2% over the same period.
* Our Climate Change Ranking considers this country’s efforts toward climate change insufficient and thus has not ranked it.
** Uzbekistan has no coast or naval activity.
You might also like: Global Emissions (2016)
Biodiversity, Policy: Sachs, J., Schmidt-Traub, G., Kroll, C., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G. (2019): Sustainable Development Report 2019. New York: Bertelsmann Stiftung and Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN).
Oceans: Halpern, Benjamin S., et al. “An index to assess the health and benefits of the global ocean.” Nature 488.7413 (2012): 615-620.
Pollution: Wendling, Z. A., Emerson, J. W., Esty, D. C., Levy, M. A., de Sherbinin, A., et al. (2018). 2018 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven, CT: Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy. https://epi.yale.edu/
Climate Change: Climate Change Performance Index; Jan Burck, Ursula Hagen, Niklas Höhne, Leonardo Nascimento, Christoph Bals, ISBN 978-3-943704-75-4, 2019
Energy: Enerdata –World Energy Statistics – Yearbook.