Welcome to the Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index, where Earth.Org examines the policies and actions regarding the environment of every nation on earth. Combining the most respected global indexes on pollution, climate change, policy, energy, oceans, biodiversity we have produced an overall Global Index, which will be updated annually. This is the Global Sustainability Index scorecard for Venezuela.

In its individual NDC, Venezuela called on world leaders to recognise the climate crisis as one of the ‘clearest demonstrations of the crisis of capitalism’. In a stinging rebuke on developed countries, Venezuela’s chief envoy to the COP, Claudia Salerno, criticised the Paris Agreement for failing to bind governments into a fixed reduction of their emissions in favour of voluntary contributions. 

This firm stance mirrors that of the country’s 20% reduction in emissions by 2030 target, which dwarfs many other countries’. 

Among its environmental accomplishments, the government lists an extensive reforestation plan, 200 recycling factories, the implementation of a modern public transport system and a 20% cumulative reduction in electrical usage in the public and private sector. 

Its NDC includes consolidating these achievements, as well as investing in clean energy, recycling, improving energy and water usage and the inclusion of environmental issues in the national curriculum. It also highlights the importance of drawing on the ancestral knowledge of Venezuelan indigenous groups to produce sustainable technologies. 

However, the country says that its commitment is contingent on financial donations and the transfer of technology from wealthy nations, demanding a ‘just’ climate deal which respects the desires of developing countries to reduce poverty and choose their own path to development. 

Global Sustainability Index scorecard for Venezuela

* Our Climate Change Ranking considers this country’s efforts toward climate change insufficient and thus has not ranked it.

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Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index Ranking image description: Venezuela Rankings – Policy: 107, Pollution:51, Climate Change: N/A, Oceans: 144, Biodiversity: 166, Energy: 42, Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index Ranking 131.