13000 to 8000 BC
The Natufians were the first sedentary people despite the lack of developed agriculture (Image: Mortar and pestle from Nahal Oren, Natufian, 12,500–9500 BC).
The Black Death (bubonic plague) reached Europe in the early 1300s due to the Mongol Invasion. It killed 75 to 200 million people between 1347 and 1350 alone.
Edward Jenner develops the vaccine against smallpox.
Late 18th to Early 19th Century
The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain. Factories, mechanisation, mass production and the steam engine would change the world, but lead to an acceleration in environmental damage.
Sir Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin, the first mould-derived antibiotic molecule. This was the silver bullet to many previously incurable bacterial infections.
1940 - 1945
The second World War prompted the first and hopefully last use of two atomic bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan.
1950 - 1960
The Green Revolution saw the introduction of mechanisation and chemical fertilisers in agriculture, greatly increasing yields but creating unsustainable practices and damaging the environment.
One of the most overlooked yet important breakthroughs in human history is the contraceptive pill, allowing woman to take a more active role in their reproductive health.
The Global Positioning System, provided by US-developed and owned satellites, helps the world to navigate on a daily basis.