Welcome to the Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index, where Earth.Org examines the policies and actions regarding the environment of every nation on earth. Combining the most respected global indexes on pollution, climate change, policy, energy, oceans, biodiversity we have produced an overall Global Index, which will be updated annually. This is the Global Sustainability Index Scorecard for Colombia.

Colombia has committed to reduce emissions by 20% by 2030, with plans focusing on tackling deforestation, increasing energy efficiency, creating sources of renewable energy and upgrading public transport buses with hybrid vehicles. The government also suspended the aerial spraying of glyphosate to kill coca plantations. 

Most Colombians reside in the elevated Andes, where water shortages and land degradation exist, and in the coastal areas, where sea level rise and floods can impact human settlements and economic activities. Temperature increases and changes in precipitation patterns will likely lead to water shortages in Colombia, which will impact agriculture, human health and sectors such as hydropower that rely on a consistent water supply. Sea level rise is likely to have localised impacts, with significant effects in cities like Cartagena that rely on tourism and it will also lead to the loss of key ecosystems such as coral reefs and fisheries.

Global Sustainability Scorecard for Colombia

* Our Climate Change Ranking considers this country’s efforts toward climate change insufficient and thus has not ranked it.

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Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index Ranking image description: Australia Rankings – Policy: 99, Pollution: 42, Climate Change: N/A, Oceans: 197, Biodiversity: 90, Energy: 1, Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index Ranking 21.