West Africa’s top court held Guinea responsible for the deaths of six villagers and the illegal arrest, injury or torture of 15 others during a protest near an iron-ore project over abusive mining practices.
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Courts found that Guinea violated the human rights of the protesters and ordered the state to pay USD463 000 in damages to the plaintiffs.
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Why Does This Matter?
- Community members were protesting abusive mining practices in the area. On August 3, 2020, Guinea sent troops and police to a site near the mining project controlled by VBG, after residents of nearby village Zogota staged a sit-in. In the early hours of the next day, security forces opened fire, shooting at random and burning homes. Some of the protesters who survived were later tortured in custody.
- Both Guinean officials and Vale have long denied any involvement in the incident.
- The mining company suspended operations at the Zogota mine after the incident, and later lost its concession to mine in the region. However, the concession has recently been re-awarded.
In a statement, lawyers representing the villagers of Zogota, where the protest took place, said, “For over eight years, the people of Zogota in southern Guinea have been seeking justice for the massacre that devastated their village.”
Reading the court’s ruling, Justice Gberi-Bé Ouattara said, “Guinea violated the right to life, the right not to be subject to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment, the right not to be arrested or detained arbitrarily, and the right to effective recourse.”
Both Guinean officials and Vale have long denied any involvement in the incident in Zogota. A lawyer for Guinea, in a briefing document addressed to the ECOWAS court two years ago, argued that the state had not ordered the security forces to kill or torture protesters, and therefore bore no responsibility for the deaths.
Vale and BSG Resources suspended operations at the Zogota mine after the incident, and later lost their concession to mine in the region. However, the concession has recently been re-awarded to Niron Metals, a company with close ties to BSG Resources, which hopes to restart mining in the region soon.
Featured image by: Flickr