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Sweden is Calling for EU to Ban Cryptocurrency Mining to Meet Climate Goals

by Olivia Lai Europe Nov 25th 20213 mins
Sweden is Calling for EU to Ban Cryptocurrency Mining to Meet Climate Goals

Two top officials in Sweden are calling for a EU-wide ban on energy-intensive cryptocurrency mining, warning crypto operations are preventing the country from hitting climate targets. 

Top Swedish officials are calling on the EU to ban energy-intensive cryptocurrency mining in order for the European bloc to meet its climate goals. 

Erik Thedéen, director of the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority, and Björn Risinger, director of the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, are concerned with cryptocurrency’s rising energy usage and warn that if the sector continues to grow, Sweden might not be able to meet its obligations under the Paris Climate Agreement.

The two financial and environmental regulators wrote in an open letter urging for an EU-wide ban on “proof of work” cryptocurrency mining, which is a system used to mint a number of cryptocurrencies including Bitcoin and Ether. Such operations require upwards of thousands of computers and built-in cooling systems to prevent overheating, and uses up incredible amounts of energy. 

According to the two officials, the energy consumption of Bitcoin mining in Sweden between April and August this year soared “several hundred per cent,” and has reached a usage equivalent of 200,000 households. They argue that “the social benefit of crypto-assets is questionable” and companies that trade and invest in crypto assets should be prohibited from describing their business activities as environmentally sustainable.

You might also like: Are Cryptocurrencies Harming the Environment?

As the cryptocurrency industry faces greater scrutiny, especially for its high carbon footprint, as well as China’s recent ban on Bitcoin, many companies have made attempts to be more environmentally friendly by carbon offsetting or using renewable energy to power their operations. 

Thedéen and Risinger however, claim that this shift is diverting renewable energy from industrial, transportation and domestic uses, making it all the more difficult for the country to meet their target of slashing carbon emissions by 63% by 2030 and 85-100% by 2045. The EU would also struggle to limit global temperature increase to under at least 1.5C. 

“Sweden needs the renewable energy targeted by crypto-asset producers for the climate transition of our essential services, and increased use by miners threatens our ability to meet the Paris Agreement,” Thedéen and Risinger  wrote in the letter. “If we were to allow extensive mining of crypto-assets in Sweden, there is a risk that the renewable energy available to us will be insufficient to cover the required climate transition that we need to make.” 

The same energy needed to mine a single Bitcoin could be used to drive a mid-size electric car 1.8 million kilometres, which is equivalent to about forty-four laps around the globe. Currently, 900 bitcoins are being mined every day. With worrying stats like this, the Swedish officials contend that cryptocurrency mining “is not reasonable use of our renewable energy”.


About the Author

Olivia Lai

Olivia is a journalist and editor based in Hong Kong with previous experience covering politics, art and culture. She is passionate about wildlife and ocean conservation, with a keen interest in climate diplomacy. She’s also a graduate of University of Edinburgh in International Relations with a Master’s degree from The University of Hong Kong in Journalism. Olivia was the former Managing Editor at Earth.Org.

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